1 A cambium saver in place for installation on a climbing line being pulled aloft by a throwline with a slipknot to keep the device in place beneath it.
2 The cambium saver in place in the desired TIP, prior to the final step of pulling the slip knot loose from the ground.
3 The cambium saver ready to be climbed on after the slip knot has been pulled loose.

Friction plays a major role in almost every aspect of tree care professionals’ daily routines and work activities. Like many other ever-present forces or properties in life, it can sometimes be a force for good and other times a force for evil. All of the hitches and knots that are so vital to climbing arborists for attaching or securing themselves and other objects to lines and cordage rely on some degree of friction to stay tied in place. Thus, friction, in the role it plays in keeping hitches or knots secure, is a force for good, yet should an inappropriate knot be used for a specific application or too much force be applied to an appropriate one, friction becomes a force for evil as the hapless user attempts to release the friction that has seized the knot in an immovable form. Friction works to a tree crew’s advantage when carrying out rigging operations when they use the friction generated by a lowering device or “tree wraps” to lower wood and branches under control. Yet, a similar form of friction to the one that allows these experts to lower huge loads safely and securely can be quite emotionally frustrating and physically exhausting when attempting to ascend into the tree. This would be friction present at the tie-in point (TIP). Conventional and traditional climbing involves simply running the climbing line over a branch or around the trunk in the desired location for the TIP; and though this practice may seem to have the advantages of simplicity and ease of use, the friction generated by the rope on bark/wood contact takes quite a toll on the user, the climbing line and even the tree. There are a variety of commercially available friction-reduction devices that can be used to better manage this friction at the TIP, and also a myriad of ways that climbing arborists can create their own out of appropriately rated slings, carabiners and pulleys once they understand the advantages of reduced friction aloft.

Cambium saver: This device is probably one of the simplest available, and immensely easy to install and remove. The cambium saver is a sewn leather tube pre-shaped in a curve. The climbing line passes through it, reducing the amount of friction the climber has to work against while also protecting both rope and bark from excessive wear and heat due to mutual contact. Once the desired TIP is attained with the throwline, the end of the climbing line, with the cambium saver already installed on it, is pulled up into the TIP. A slipknot beneath the device keeps it in place on the rope and allows the user to release it from the ground, installing the cambium saver over or around the desired TIP. Removal is easily accomplished by tying an overhand knot in the climbing line, pulling it up to the device and simply pulling it out to remove it.

1With throwline already installed in desired TIP, pass throwline through both rings and reattach bag on other side of small ring. 2 Pull on the throwline passed through the large ring, raising the friction saver to just beneath the desired TIP. Pulling at a slight angle will help prevent twisting and tangling.
3 With a quick snap, pull the small ring and throwbag over the desired TIP and release the throwline immediately to reduce the chance of entanglement. 4 The throwline is used to pull the climbing line through the two rings.

Friction saver: The friction saver, developed by ArborMaster Training and manufactured by Buckingham, consists of a large and small ring at opposite ends of a heavy-duty, machine-stitched webbing strap. The climber’s rope passes through the rings after installation, reducing friction even more than the cambium saver while still protecting the tree and rope from contact with each other. The large ring, marked by the orange end of the webbing, and the small ring, marked by the green end, allows the friction saver to be installed and removed in/from the desired TIP from the ground. The installation of a small Prusik cord on the device also allows it to be used in a choking fashion when spur climbing or when no branch attachment point is present at the desired TIP, though the choking feature cannot be installed from the ground.

Rope guide: This device, developed and manufactured by Advanced Ropeclimbing Technology, employs both a camming system to allow it to be choked against the tree or let out to the desired length, and an extremely smooth and fluid pulley that the climbing line passes through. The smooth, friction-reducing capability of this device’s pulley is greater than that of either the friction or cambium saver, and the design of the overall device prevents excessive contact between rope and tree. Although the rope guide can be installed from the ground with some imagination, it is not as simple a process as some of the other devices discussed here; and is most commonly carried aloft while footlocking to be installed by hand once the desired TIP has been reached. The device can be removed from the ground either by a second line installed when aloft or through the use of a Double Snapper, also from ART, for remote retrieval.

BuckBlocks or MagBloc: This device, designed and developed by Scott Prophett and Scott Winningham and introduced to the tree care industry this year by Buckingham, is available in both a climbing and rigging configuration. The BuckBlocks provide users with the capability to climb out of an actual block at the TIP, improving the rope’s bend radius and reducing friction immensely, while still being easily installed and removed from the ground through the use of throwline. The rope, once installed, runs through a rope channel across the two rotating sheaves, while the separate halves of the device are held securely together by rare earth magnets. The amount of friction reduction, due to the two rotating sheaves, is greater than either the cambium or friction saver, while still protecting both the tree and rope from contact and associated wear.

A rope guide installed at the desired TIP with the climbing line running over the smooth pulley.

Creative devices: Climbing arborists who wish to “create” their own friction management device rather than purchase one are only limited by their imagination, and the always important breaking strength standards for personal support. Any variety of straps, slings, spliced-rope tools, connecting links and pulleys can be combined to reduce friction at the TIP; and with some time or thought, allow for easy installation and retrieval from the ground.

Managing friction effectively at the TIP will not only help climbing arborists work more safely and efficiently, but also increase the lifespan of their ropes while reducing heat and friction damage to the trees they are there to care for. Although this brief introduction cannot fully encompass the various advantages and disadvantages of specific friction management devices, it does provide a glimpse into the possibilities and an introduction to their use, hopefully helping tree care professionals focus on keeping friction as a force for good rather than evil.

Michael (House) Tain is a contract climber, splicer, educator and writer associated with North American Training Solutions/Arbor Canada Training and Education, currently located in Lancaster, Ky.